FrameNet (frames)
frames
frames
SELECT frame,framedefinition FROM fnframes LIMIT 20
frameframedefinition
AbandonmentAn <fen>Agent</fen> leaves behind a <fen>Theme</fen> effectively rendering it no longer within their control or of the normal security as one's property. <ex><fex name='Agent'>Carolyn</fex> <t>abandoned</t> <fex name='Theme'>her car</fex> and jumped on a red double decker bus.</ex><ex>Perhaps <fex name='Agent'>he</fex> <t>left</t> <fex name='Theme'>the key</fex> in the ignition</ex><ex><t>Abandonment</t> <fex name='Theme'>of a child</fex> is considered to be a serious crime in many jurisdictions.</ex>
Abounding_withA <fen>Location</fen> is filled or covered with the <fen>Theme</fen>. The <fen>Location</fen> is realized as the External Argument, and the <fen>Theme</fen> either as PP complement headed by with, in or of.NB: This frame does not include uses of adjectives like paved when they merely specify the Type of some location, as in "paved and unpaved roads".<ex><fex name='Location'>The waters of the bay</fex> <t>teemed</t> <fex name='Theme'>with fish</fex>.</ex><ex><fex name='Location'>The waters of the bay</fex> were <t>teeming</t> <fex name='Theme'>with fish</fex>.</ex><ex><fex name='Location'>The road</fex> was <fex name='Degree'>completely</fex> <t>covered</t> <fex name='Theme'>in mud</fex>.</ex>
Absorb_heatAn <fen>Entity</fen> (generally food) is exposed to a <fen>Heat_source</fen> whose <fen>Temperature</fen> may also be specified. Generally, the <fen>Entity</fen> undergoes some sort of change as a result of this process.<ex><fex name='ent'>Bacon</fex> was <t>frying</t> <fex name='Container'>in the pan</fex>, and a great heap of eggs already lay steaming on a plate.</ex><ex>If <fex name='ent'>it</fex> <t>cooks</t> <fex name='tem'>at 400</fex> <fex name='dur'>for an hour</fex>, it 'll be nothing but a pile of ash!</ex>
AbundanceThe <fen>Quantity</fen> of a <fen>Collection</fen> occurring in a <fen>Place</fen> has a particular <fen>Measure</fen>. The <fen>Measure</fen> of the <fen>Collection</fen> is referred to only in terms of how the <fen>Measure</fen> diverges from a norm for <fen>Collection</fen>s of the specified type. <fen>Degree</fen> may further refine the relation of the <fen>Measure</fen> to the norm.<ex><fex name='Collection'>Beauty</fex> is <t>abundant</t> <fex name='pla'>in a land flowing with snowmelt</fex>.</ex><ex>Detritus of life <t>abounds</t> <fex name='pla'>in the atmosphere</fex>. </ex><ex>There was a recent discovery that <fex name='Collection'>exotic microbes</fex> <t>teem</t> <fex name='pla'>in the rocks hundreds of metres beneath the floor of the Pacific Ocean</fex>.</ex>
AbusingIn this frame an <fen>Abuser</fen> repeatedly treats the <fen>Victim</fen> in a cruel and violent way, including physically harming or forcing the <fen>Victim</fen> to engage in sexual activity against their will. The <fen>Victim</fen> usually lacks the power to resist or fight back. A <fen>Type</fen> of abuse may be indicated. There may also be a <fen>Degree</fen>. <ex> <fex name='Abuser'>Her father</fex> <fex name='Type'>verbally</fex> <t>abused</t> <fex name='Victim'>her mother</fex>. </ex>
Access_scenarioA Theme is or is not capable of entering or accessing a Useful_location because of/despite a Barrier.
AccompanimentA <fen>Coparticipant</fen> fills the same role as the <fen>Participant</fen> in an event or relation.
AccomplishmentAfter a period in which the <fen>Agent</fen> has been working on a <fen>Goal</fen>, the <fen>Agent</fen> manages to attain it. The <fen>Goal</fen> may be a desired state, or be conceptualized as an event.
AccoutrementsA <fen>Wearer</fen> wears accessories, which are made of some <fen>Material</fen> and may have a <fen>Style</fen>. Most of the accessories are non-essential (clothing) items. <ex><fex name='Wearer'>She</fex> wore <fex name='Descriptor'>a black</fex> <fex name='Material'>velvet</fex> <t>hat</t> <fex name='Body_location'>on her head</fex>.</ex>
AccuracyAn <fen>Agent</fen> is involved in an activity whose degree of success is dependent on a parameter of the action matching a particular set of values of a continuous variable or variables (e.g. quantity, location, time). The <fen>Agent</fen>, or metonymically the <fen>Instrument</fen> or <fen>Means</fen> action, is described in terms of the actual or expected <fen>Deviation</fen> between the location, time, or quantity in the activity and the location, time, or quantity which is necessary for the intended event.<ex><fex name='Instrument'>The Longview Rangefinder</fex> is <t>accurate</t> <fex name='Deviation'>to within one foot per hundred yards</fex> .</ex><ex><fex name='Means'>His estimate</fex> was <t>off</t> <fex name='Deviation'>by an order of magnitude</fex> .</ex><ex><fex name='Agent'>The fork truck operator</fex> must be <fex name='Degree'>fairly</fex> <t>accurate</t> <fex name='Means'>in his aim</fex>.</ex><ex>The <t>precision</t> <fex name='Means'>of the daily measurements</fex> is dependent on a number of factors.</ex>
Achieving_firstA <fen>Cognizer</fen> introduces a <fen>New_idea</fen> into society.<ex>It is difficult to imagine how different our lives would be without <fex name='Cognizer'>Edison's</fex> <t>invention</t> <fex name='New_idea'>of the light bulb.</fex></ex>
Active_substanceA <fen>Substance</fen> causes an <fen>Effect</fen>. The <fen>Substance</fen> is produced by a process understood as directed towards the <fen>Effect</fen>. The <fen>Name</fen> for the material that makes up the substance may also be given.<ex>A rationale for using <fex name='sub'>denatured gp160</fex> as a <fex name='eff'>therapeutic</fex> <t>agent</t> in HIV-infected people is to boost the immune response .</ex><ex><fex name='sub'>The quinolones</fex> now seem to be the <fex name='eff'>antimicrobial</fex> <t>agents</t> of choice for acute bacterial prostatitis.</ex><ex><fex name='eff'>Hormonally</fex> <t>active</t> <fex name='sub'>chemicals</fex> have the potential to cause significant environmental injury.</ex><ex>Only after the potion has been drunk does the <t>active</t> <fex name='sub'>ingredient</fex> form. <fex name='eff'>DNI</fex></ex><ex>The <fex name='nam'>sarin</fex> <t>agent</t> might have been a leftover shell from a chemical-arms dump. </ex>
ActivityThis is an abstract frame for durative activities, in which the <fen>Agent</fen> enters an ongoing state of the <fen>Activity</fen>, remains in this state for some <fen>Duration</fen> of <fen>Time</fen>, and leaves this state either by finishing or by stopping. The <fen>Agent</fen>'s <fen>Activity</fen> should be intentional. This frame is intended mostly for the inheritance of common FEs, and to provide the frame structure for the beginning, ongoing, finish, or stop stage of an <fen>Activity</fen>, each of which constitutes a subframe of this frame. This frame should be compared to the Process frame.
Activity_abandoned_stateAn <fen>Agent</fen> is in an unfinished part of an activity.
Activity_done_stateAn <fen>Agent</fen> has completed an <fen>Activity</fen>.
Activity_finishAn <fen>Agent</fen> finishes an <fen>Activity</fen>, which can no longer logically continue. This frame is a subframe of <fen>Activity</fen>.
Activity_ongoingAn <fen>Agent</fen> is performing the portion of an <fen>Activity</fen> in which there is dynamic stability.
Activity_pauseAn <fen>Agent</fen> pauses in the course of an <fen>Activity</fen>.
Activity_paused_stateAn <fen>Agent</fen> remains in a particular stage of an <fen>Activity</fen>, without progressing in the activity.
Activity_prepareAn <fen>Agent</fen> prepares for an <fen>Activity</fen>.
frame relations
related frames
SELECT s.frame,GROUP_CONCAT(relation),GROUP_CONCAT(d.frame) FROM fnframes AS s LEFT JOIN fnframes_related USING (frameid) LEFT JOIN fnframes AS d ON (frame2id = d.frameid) LEFT JOIN fnframerelations USING (relationid) GROUP BY s.frame ORDER BY s.frame LIMIT 10
frameGROUP_CONCAT(relation)GROUP_CONCAT(d.frame)
Abandonment
Abounding_withSee also,Is Used by,Inherits from,Is Used by,Is Inherited byAdorning,Expensiveness,Locative_relation,Mass_motion,Lively_place
Absorb_heatInherits fromBecoming
AbundanceInherits from,Is Inherited byGradable_attributes,Scarcity
AbusingUses,Inherits fromCause_harm,Committing_crime
Access_scenarioIs Perspectivized in,Is Perspectivized inHaving_or_lacking_access,Openness
AccompanimentInherits fromRelation
AccomplishmentUsesIntentionally_act
AccoutrementsIs Used by,Inherits from,Is Used by,Is Used byWearing,Artifact,Undressing,Dressing
AccuracyInherits from,Uses,UsesInclination,Measurable_attributes,Success_or_failure
frame "Causation", related frames
SELECT s.frame,relation,d.frame FROM fnframes AS s LEFT JOIN fnframes_related USING (frameid) LEFT JOIN fnframes AS d ON (frame2id = d.frameid) LEFT JOIN fnframerelations USING (relationid) WHERE s.frame='Causation'
framerelationframe
CausationInherits fromEventive_affecting
CausationSubframe ofCausation_scenario
CausationIs Perspectivized inMeans
frame "Causation", related frames (reverse)
SELECT s.frame,relation,d.frame FROM fnframes AS s LEFT JOIN fnframes_related USING (frameid) LEFT JOIN fnframes AS d ON (frame2id = d.frameid) LEFT JOIN fnframerelations USING (relationid) WHERE d.frame='Causation'
framerelationframe
Eventive_affectingIs Inherited byCausation
Causation_scenarioHas Subframe(s)Causation
MeansPerspective onCausation
frame "Activity", related frames
SELECT s.frame,relation,d.frame FROM fnframes AS s LEFT JOIN fnframes_related USING (frameid) LEFT JOIN fnframes AS d ON (frame2id = d.frameid) LEFT JOIN fnframerelations USING (relationid) WHERE s.frame='Activity'
framerelationframe
ActivityHas Subframe(s)Activity_start
ActivityHas Subframe(s)Activity_ongoing
ActivityHas Subframe(s)Activity_finish
ActivityHas Subframe(s)Activity_stop
ActivityHas Subframe(s)Activity_pause
ActivityHas Subframe(s)Activity_abandoned_state
ActivityHas Subframe(s)Activity_ready_state
ActivityHas Subframe(s)Activity_prepare
ActivityHas Subframe(s)Activity_paused_state
ActivityHas Subframe(s)Activity_done_state
ActivityInherits fromProcess
ActivityIs Inherited byApply_heat
ActivityHas Subframe(s)Activity_resume
frame "Activity", related frames (reverse)
SELECT s.frame,relation,d.frame FROM fnframes AS s LEFT JOIN fnframes_related USING (frameid) LEFT JOIN fnframes AS d ON (frame2id = d.frameid) LEFT JOIN fnframerelations USING (relationid) WHERE d.frame='Activity'
framerelationframe
Activity_startSubframe ofActivity
Activity_ongoingSubframe ofActivity
Activity_finishSubframe ofActivity
Activity_stopSubframe ofActivity
Activity_pauseSubframe ofActivity
Activity_abandoned_stateSubframe ofActivity
Activity_ready_stateSubframe ofActivity
Activity_prepareSubframe ofActivity
Activity_paused_stateSubframe ofActivity
Activity_done_stateSubframe ofActivity
ProcessIs Inherited byActivity
Apply_heatInherits fromActivity
Activity_resumeSubframe ofActivity
frame elements
frame elements (fe)
SELECT frame,fetype FROM fnfes LEFT JOIN fnframes USING (frameid) LEFT JOIN fnfetypes USING (fetypeid) ORDER BY frameid,feid LIMIT 20
framefetype
CausationCause
CausationAffected
CausationEffect
CausationPlace
CausationReason
CausationTime
CausationActor
CausationCircumstances
CausationManner
CausationExplanation
CausationMeans
CausationFrequency
CausationConcessive
CommunicationCommunicator
CommunicationAddressee
CommunicationMessage
CommunicationTopic
CommunicationMedium
CommunicationAmount_of_information
CommunicationDepictive
frame elements (fe) grouped by frame
SELECT frame,GROUP_CONCAT(fetype) AS fe FROM fnfes LEFT JOIN fnframes USING (frameid) LEFT JOIN fnfetypes USING (fetypeid) GROUP BY frameid LIMIT 20
framefe
CausationCause,Affected,Effect,Place,Reason,Time,Actor,Circumstances,Manner,Explanation,Means,Frequency,Concessive
CommunicationCommunicator,Addressee,Message,Topic,Medium,Amount_of_information,Depictive,Manner,Means,Time,Duration,Frequency,Place,Purpose
MotionTheme,Source,Path,Goal,Area,Distance,Speed,Carrier,Duration,Time,Manner,Result,Depictive,Place,Degree,Direction,Purpose,Path_shape,Containing_event,Frequency,Iteration
PerceptionPerceiver,Sought_entity,Phenomenon
ReciprocalityProtagonist_1,Protagonist_2,Protagonists
Transitive_actionAgent,Patient,Event,Depictive,Result,Means,Manner,Time,Place,Cause
DuplicationCreator,Original,Copy,Source,Goal,Characterization,Means,Manner,Result,Depictive,Degree,Purpose,Time,Place,Reason,Instrument,Duration,Fidelity,Iteration,Frequency
FeigningAgent,Original,Copy,Manner,Means,Degree,State_of_affairs,Purpose,Explanation,Frequency,Time,Period_of_iterations,Duration,Depictive,Circumstances,Place
Cause_to_amalgamateAgent,Whole,Parts,Part_1,Part_2,Manner,Degree,Means,Result,Depictive,Purpose,Place,Time
SeparatingWhole,Parts,Part_1,Part_2,Agent,Criterion,Depictive,Manner,Degree,Means,Result,Cause,Recipients,Time,Place,Instrument
Body_movementAgent,Body_part,Internal_cause,External_cause,Addressee,Source,Path,Goal,Area,Degree,Depictive,Manner,Result,Message,Time,Sub-region,Purpose,Cognate_event,Duration,Place,Re_encoding,Coordinated_event
ManipulationAgent,Entity,Locus,Bodypart_of_agent,Duration,Manner,Result,Time,Purpose,Instrument,Means,Place,Depictive,Reason,Particular_iteration
PostureAgent,Location,Degree,Depictive,Manner,Dependent_state,Time,Purpose,Duration,Point_of_contact
AwarenessCognizer,Content,Evidence,Topic,Degree,Manner,Expressor,Role,Paradigm,Time,Explanation
Becoming_awareCognizer,Phenomenon,Ground,State,Evidence,Degree,Manner,Means,Topic,Time,Purpose,Instrument,Frequency,Circumstances,Explanation,Particular_iteration,Period_of_iterations
CategorizationCognizer,Item,Category,Criteria,Manner,Means,Time,Circumstances,Concessive,Explanation
CogitationCognizer,Topic,Degree,Depictive,Manner,Means,Result,Medium,Purpose,Time
Coming_to_believeCognizer,Evidence,Content,Topic,Degree,Depictive,Manner,Means,Time,Medium,Place
DifferentiationCognizer,Phenomenon_1,Phenomenon_2,Phenomena,Quality,Degree,Depictive,Manner,Means,Circumstances
EvidenceSupport,Proposition,Degree,Manner,Means,Depictive,Result,Domain_of_Relevance,Cognizer
fe for "Causation" frame
SELECT frame,fetype,coretype,coreset FROM fnframes LEFT JOIN fnfes USING (frameid) LEFT JOIN fnfetypes USING (fetypeid) LEFT JOIN fncoretypes USING (coretypeid) WHERE frame='Causation' ORDER BY feid
framefetypecoretypecoreset
CausationCauseCore1
CausationAffectedCore2
CausationEffectCore-Unexpressed2
CausationPlacePeripheral
CausationReasonPeripheral
CausationTimePeripheral
CausationActorCore1
CausationCircumstancesExtra-Thematic
CausationMannerPeripheral
CausationExplanationExtra-Thematic
CausationMeansPeripheral
CausationFrequencyExtra-Thematic
CausationConcessiveExtra-Thematic
frame core elements
SELECT frame,GROUP_CONCAT(fetype) AS corefe FROM fnfes LEFT JOIN fnframes USING (frameid) LEFT JOIN fnfetypes USING (fetypeid) WHERE coreset IS NOT NULL GROUP BY frameid LIMIT 20
framecorefe
CausationCause,Affected,Effect,Actor
CommunicationCommunicator,Message,Topic,Medium
MotionSource,Path,Goal,Distance,Direction
DuplicationOriginal,Copy
FeigningOriginal,Copy
SeparatingWhole,Part_1,Part_2
Body_movementAgent,Body_part
ManipulationAgent,Bodypart_of_agent
PostureLocation,Point_of_contact
AwarenessCognizer,Content,Topic,Expressor
Becoming_awareCognizer,Phenomenon,Means,Topic,Instrument
CategorizationCategory,Criteria
Coming_to_believeCognizer,Content,Topic,Means,Medium
DifferentiationCognizer,Quality
ExpectationPhenomenon,Topic
JudgmentCognizer,Expressor
Mental_propertyProtagonist,Behavior
ScrutinyCognizer,Medium,Instrument
CandidnessSpeaker,Message,Topic,Medium
CommitmentSpeaker,Message,Topic,Medium
core fe sets
frame "Causation", coresets
SELECT frame,coreset,GROUP_CONCAT(fetype) FROM fnframes LEFT JOIN fnfes USING (frameid) LEFT JOIN fnfetypes USING (fetypeid) LEFT JOIN fncoretypes USING (coretypeid) WHERE frame='Causation' AND coreset IS NOT NULL GROUP BY coreset
framecoresetGROUP_CONCAT(fetype)
Causation1Cause,Actor
Causation2Affected,Effect
fe core types
fe coretypes
SELECT frame,fetype,coretype FROM fnfes LEFT JOIN fnframes USING (frameid) LEFT JOIN fnfetypes USING (fetypeid) LEFT JOIN fncoretypes USING (coretypeid) ORDER BY frameid,feid LIMIT 20
framefetypecoretype
CausationCauseCore
CausationAffectedCore
CausationEffectCore-Unexpressed
CausationPlacePeripheral
CausationReasonPeripheral
CausationTimePeripheral
CausationActorCore
CausationCircumstancesExtra-Thematic
CausationMannerPeripheral
CausationExplanationExtra-Thematic
CausationMeansPeripheral
CausationFrequencyExtra-Thematic
CausationConcessiveExtra-Thematic
CommunicationCommunicatorCore
CommunicationAddresseePeripheral
CommunicationMessageCore
CommunicationTopicCore
CommunicationMediumCore
CommunicationAmount_of_informationExtra-Thematic
CommunicationDepictiveExtra-Thematic
required fe
required fe
SELECT frame,fet.fetype,rfet.fetype AS requires FROM fnfes_required LEFT JOIN fnfes AS fe USING (feid) LEFT JOIN fnfetypes AS fet USING (fetypeid) LEFT JOIN fnfes AS rfe ON (fe2id = rfe.feid) LEFT JOIN fnfetypes AS rfet ON (rfe.fetypeid = rfet.fetypeid) LEFT JOIN fnframes AS fr ON (fr.frameid = fe.frameid) ORDER BY fr.frame LIMIT 20
framefetyperequires
AmalgamationPart_1Part_2
AmalgamationPart_2Part_1
Apply_heatCo_participantFood
Arithmetic_non-commutativeTerm_1Term_2
AssembleParty_1Party_2
AttachingItemGoal
AttachingGoalItem
Becoming_detachedItemSource
Becoming_detachedSourceItem
Becoming_separatedPart_2Part_1
Becoming_separatedPart_1Part_2
Being_attachedItemGoal
Being_attachedGoalItem
Be_in_agreement_on_actionParty_1Party_2
Be_in_agreement_on_actionParty_2Party_1
Be_in_agreement_on_assessmentCognizer_1Cognizer_2
Be_in_agreement_on_assessmentCognizer_2Cognizer_1
Cause_changeFinal_valueAttribute
Cause_changeInitial_valueAttribute
Cause_to_amalgamatePart_1Part_2
excluded fe
excluded fe
SELECT frame,fet.fetype,xfet.fetype AS excludes FROM fnfes_excluded LEFT JOIN fnfes AS fe USING (feid) LEFT JOIN fnfetypes AS fet USING (fetypeid) LEFT JOIN fnfes AS xfe ON (fe2id = xfe.feid) LEFT JOIN fnfetypes AS xfet ON (xfe.fetypeid = xfet.fetypeid) LEFT JOIN fnframes AS fr ON (fr.frameid = fe.frameid) ORDER BY fr.frame LIMIT 20
framefetypeexcludes
AgeAgeDegree
AgeExpressorEntity
AimingTargetedTarget_location
AllianceMember_1Members
AllianceMember_2Members
AmalgamationPart_1Parts
AmalgamationPart_2Parts
Ambient_temperatureTemperatureDegree
Amounting_toNumbersAttribute
AssembleParty_2Group
AssembleIndividualsParty_2
AssembleGroupParty_1
AssembleParty_1Individuals
AttachingGoalItems
AttachingItemItems
AttentionExpressorPerceiver
AwarenessCognizerExpressor
BecomingFinal_stateFinal_category
Becoming_detachedItemItems
Becoming_detachedSourceItems